Artificial Intelligence – Making Machines Smarter!

Simple reflex agent, based on Artificial Intel...

Simple reflex agent, based on Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Mankind has long been fascinated by the idea of intelligent machines. The first manifestations of thinking machines and artificial beings can be seen in Greek mythology in the form of Talos of Crete, the bronze robot of Hephaestus, and Pygmalion‘s Galatea. By the 19th and 20th centuries, artificial beings had become a common feature in fiction. Science fiction further contributed to nurturing the concept of sentient machines, but the fact remains that fiction bears little resemblance to the real world.

The study and development of intelligent machines goes by the name of artificial intelligence. As a scientific discipline, this field was born out of deliberations at a conference on the campus of Dartmouth College in the summer of 1956. The basis of artificial intelligence is using computers to simulate the primary activities that create our intelligence. The real challenge has been to understand how natural intelligence works.

Artificial intelligence has been getting exponentially smarter for decades. It is true that machines cannot yet be programmed to form intuitions about the physical world without complex and extensive calculations. Scientists delving into artificial intelligence hypothesize on how and why we learn and think, and then they experiment with these hypothesizes.

Nevertheless, most people do not realize the extent to which artificial intelligence has been practically implemented, and the rapid advances technology is making. Over the past several years, artificial intelligence has been used to improve existing applications in a number of areas such as medicine and biotechnology, transportation guidance systems, and manufacturing automation.

Artificial intelligence is closely linked with robotics, the science that deals with man-made machines equipped with the intellectual abilities of humans. The goal is not only to give these machines the ability to communicate verbally and to perform various tasks, but to instill in them the ability to reason and to formulate ideas.

Artificial intelligence is being used to enhance the capabilities of smartphones, tablets, and other computing devices by giving them the ability to perform a host of functions on their own. One of the applications of artificial intelligence is intelligent search on the Internet. Google’s Knowledge Graph is the latest refinement to its search engine product that provides users with in-depth responses to search queries by connecting these queries to information-rich topics on people, places, or things.

Japanese electronics company, Sharp Corp., has started releasing products with artificial intelligence that activate on voice command or verbally offer common courtesies when they are used. One of the first such products is its vacuum cleaner, “Cocorobo” that has witnessed strong sales. Others include an air conditioner and a refrigerator that say “thank you” and give instructions on when to carry out maintenance. Upcoming products include intelligent microwave ovens and air cleaners.

Newer cars use artificial intelligence to take tire temperature and other measurements to make driving safer. Emerging developments allow cars to navigate on their own. Self-driving cars are now legal in at least three American states, including California, as well as in the U.K. These types of cars are Google’s pet project, but now other companies, such as Mercedes Benz, are jumping on the bandwagon, and the technology is evolving fast.

The medical field is one of the areas that are in the forefront of embracing artificial intelligence. Medical devices are being introduced that allow a computer to analyze data and make judgments on its own. Artificial intelligence has also been used in deep space exploration and high-complexity data mining and analysis.

Industry observers estimate that the artificial intelligence solutions market is approaching one billion dollars, and is poised to grow exponentially over the next few years. The United States currently represents the largest market for artificial intelligence, but the Asia-Pacific region offers the highest growth potential over the next few years.

Artificial intelligence gives humans tools not only to enhance the performance of machines, but to allow these machines accomplish tasks more efficiently, and without human intervention. However, as more and more intelligence is built into the machines, they will keep becoming smarter and more versatile. Some technologists contend that in not too distant a future, machine intelligence will overtake human intelligence.

Combined with the pervasiveness of mobile devices, artificial intelligence has the potential of impacting virtually facet of our lives. No wonder, IT and software vendors are pouring billions of dollars into commercial solutions based on artificial intelligence. However, unlike a human mind, a computer will never be capable of complex reasoning or able to process a complicated emotion.

Blogger: Unum Shafiq

© 2013 Market Analyst, LLC. All rights reserved.

Market analysis reports on Artificial Intelligence

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